It may seem unlikely in the City Different, but green building educators Robin Dorrell and Dan Clavio still run into the mistaken perception that sustainable building designs are "eccentric."
If "green building" still conjures images of radical Taos "earthships" and teched-out geodesic domes, that's one myth Dorrell and Clavio hope to dispel. Their portfolio of former students' projects is filled with modern-looking homes that don't wear their energy efficiency on their sleeves. But Dorrell has been involved with green building since those words connoted earth-rammed car tires and rooftop wind turbines. She was the first person to create a network of architects and builders. In 1995, the New York City venture evolved into Architects Designers and Contractors Network in Santa Fe, a network of building professionals who use sustainable technologies and teach students about them in a series of classes held at Santa Fe Community College's Sustainable Technologies Center.
The other pervasive green building myth ADC Network combats, particularly since the economic downturn, is the belief that building green takes a lot of greenbacks. Many people work with draftsmen they meet through ADC classes instead of spending more money to hire an architect. Jack Johnston and Cathy Higgens took the classes before the economic downturn. After the economic climate changed, they ended up going house hunting instead of building their own. Johnston says the process was much more fun and less stressful than the couple's past moves because they used their new knowledge of siting (building orientation and its effect on energy efficiency), solar technology, erosion control and other sustainable building principles. Johnston says the classes armed them with knowledge of what questions to ask and how to save money without compromising quality.
"It really helped my wife and I have conversations about what we wanted," Johnston says. "I know from past experiences, guys think about things in a different way and it can be very frustrating. It just made all the conversations about what did we want in the house, what can we compromise on—it made all those conversations tremendously more easy."
After Johnston and Higgens bought their new house in Eldorado, Johnston decided to build after all—a 400-square-foot woodworking studio for his furniture-making projects, working with a builder and contractor he met through the ADC classes.
Los Alamos resident Steve Greene also credits ADC classes with maintaining marital harmony throughout the home-building process—even in the wake of the catastrophic Cerro Grande fire. After the fire totaled their old house, Greene and his wife Ann chose three architects they met through ADC and set up a contest to see which could come up with the best plan based on their criteria.
"[The ADC classes] gave us more familiarity about how things go, how does one determine a price," Steve Greene says. "It gave us much greater confidence in understanding both building styles as well as the process of building, and the various technologies that we could eventually incorporate into the design we came up with."
The Greenes' new home incorporates a lot of stone to absorb heat, a circulation system that allows fresh air in but filters out pollen, and rooftop solar panels to heat their water. A "skywalk" originating from their bedroom on the second floor leads out to a distinctive small deck overlooking Barrancas Canyon.
"A house is probably one of the most expensive things you'll ever put money on, but you want to get it right, so this was a real big help," Steve Greene says. "We had heard lots of horror stories from friends, 'Oh, you're going to build a house—a lot of people get divorced over that.' But just getting all those facts out in front of you, hearing about it from those people that do this for a living was just so helpful in attuning us to what it was we liked or didn't like when it was time to make those decisions."
Dorrell and Clavio are introducing a new class on energy-efficient remodeling beginning with the summer session, which starts June 28. Other classes, which have applications both in retrofitting and new building projects, cover renewable energy, alternative building techniques and materials, and water harvesting.
For young people who are interested in sustainable building technologies as a possible career direction, Santa Fe's Earth Works Institute gives college credit for involvement in its Climate Change Conservation Corps (4C for short).
One of the students' projects is helping Santa Fe's Institute of American Indian Arts meet its goal to reduce its carbon footprint. IAIA is signed on to the American College and University Presidents' Climate Commitment, which means it has to inventory its emissions and make immediate changes and long-term plans to reduce them.
In addition, students are converting a barn in Pecos into a "living laboratory of green building techniques," Earth Works Institute Associate Director Dana Richards says. The project is sponsored by the Biophilia Foundation, which funds efforts to conserve private lands in the interest of protecting natural resources. One of Biophilia's biggest projects is the restoration and preservation of Pritzlaff Ranch, the 3,300-acre ranch where the barn is located. Interior wall sections in the barn will be insulated with denim or wool, made out of straw bale or pressed earth blocks, or supported by locally harvested cordwood. The project will help 4C members and local builders get hands-on experience with green building techniques, Richards says.
Using their knowledge of energy-efficient building techniques, 4C members also act as "Carbon Busters" and help low- and moderate-income families retrofit their homes to save money on utilities while reducing resource-depleting waste.
"These are, from the ground up, projects that are addressing serious climate change economics and social and natural resource issues," Richards says.
Dorrell and Clavio are introducing a new class on energy-efficient remodeling beginning with the summer session, which starts June 28. Other classes covers renewable energy, alternative building techniques and materials, and water harvesting, which have applications both in retrofitting and new building projects.
ADC is also launching web-based classes this week at greenbuildinglearningcenter.com.